Since 2005, stem cells have been used to treatment of Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) including SMA type II and SMA type III (Kugelberg-Welander syndrome).
The constant loss of nerve cells make SMA patients’ condition get progressively worse. The aim of the stem cells therapy is to regenerate the dead or damaged nerve cells. The stem cells also have the ability to replace those cells and to improve patients’ condition.
It requires at least 30 days to complete the whole treatment process. Patients receive at least six stem cells injections with over 300 million stem cells during the treatment. The stem cells are usually delivered through IV and lumbar puncture.
Supportive treatment such as acupuncture, physical therapy, occupational therapy and electro-wave therapy are also helpful to improve patients’ condition, and they will be added to maximize the treatment effort.
After stem cells therapy, patients with Spinal Muscular Atrophy may experience improvement in the following:
The interval of time between the treatment and the moment when the patient starts to lose his improvement varies from patient to patient. However, it is important to remember that the treatment is not cure. It can not eliminate the underlying cause of the cell death but can slow down the progression of the disease and bring improvements in patients’ condition, allowing a better quality of life.