When injury occurs to the spinal cord, the connections between the brain and the body are hampered or broken, which results in some level of impairment and a certain degree of paralysis. Symptoms may include movement disability, loss of sensation, impaired control of urination and defecation, cramps, pain and depression.
Conventional treatments for spinal cord injury are focused on prevention of secondary damage and providing rehabilitation.
The objective of the treatment is to repair the injured cell area around the lesion. This will lead to improved symptoms mainly in physique and movements. The majority of patients show improvements right after the first or second transplant. They are going to continue improving for about 6 months to 1 year, when the final results settle. For Spinal Cord Injury patients the achieved results are permanent.